Big Scrub Loop, Nightcap National Park, fungi (part 2)

Here are my photos of the same walk as in the previous post. These are different fungi to those in the previous post, plus a couple of other things of interest at the end. The rainforest is endlessly fascinating!

 

And just because lichen are so fabulous …

Lichen, a combination of fungi and algae

 

 

As are aerial roots …

And strangler figs …

Big Scrub Loop, Nightcap National Park, fungi (part 1)

The other day, after five days of rain, three of us went looking for fungi in the Nightcap National Park, northern New South Wales. I was also on the lookout for slime moulds, but didn’t find any. I thought this was me not recognising them, so I was relieved to come across Steve Axford, also hunting fungi and slime, who said he hadn’t seen any either.

Nevertheless, it was a stunning walk and we found many fungi. These photos were taken by a friend who wishes to remain anonymous. I also managed to put my hand on a fallen stinging tree leaf, but fortunately the stinging sensation didn’t last more than a few minutes. Phew – they have a ferocious reputation.

I haven’t attempted ID, gorgeous as they are. Thanks to the photographer for the delicious home-made morning tea, too! There’s nothing like sitting on a rock in a stream-bed in the middle of old growth forest, devouring yummy cakes and coffee.

Sorry you got so many leeches – I got only two, plus a tick.

Big Scrub Landcare fungal foray (Part 2)

This is the second part of my fungi photos from the Nightcap National Park foray last weekend. Part 1 is here.

These beauties …

… come from these ‘babies’ …

Underside of the fungus in the previous photo

Phillipsia subpurpurea

Phillipsia subpurpurea underside

 

A yellow mycelium (the main part of fungus through which nutrients are absorbed) growing on a rotting log

Catherine searching out fungi

 

Non-fungi finds

Slime mould

Another slime mould

The giant panda snail (Hedleyella falconeri) is Australia’s largest land snail and (surprise, surprise) eats fungi.

Hedleyella falconeri

Hedleyella falconeri underside

Vine aerial roots

What the Big Scrub might have looked like, before it was cut down

 

Keep an eye out for another fungal foray later in the year, thanks to Big Scrub Landcare. Thanks to Steve and Catherine for a sterling guiding effort.

Big Scrub Landcare fungal foray (part 1)

Local photographer Steve Axford has recently sprung into the international limelight with his time-lapse videos of fungi, shown on David Attenborough’s “Planet Earth II – Jungles”. And splendid they are, too. Steve started photographing fungi about 10 years ago, and has set up a spare shower at his home for the videoing. As he himself said, he is not a scientist but, of course, works with many. I recently went on a fungi-finding walk with him and fellow film-maker Catherine Marciniak, organised by Big Scrub Landcare.

The site was the Nightcap National Park, Gibbergunyah Range Road, Whian Whian, just before you get to Rocky Creek Dam. I’d never been to this treasure of the Big Scrub landscape before. It’d be a good place for birdwatching, too – just don’t take 20 people with you, as on this foray. If you tip-toe through the fungi, you’ll see more birds.

We took the Big Scrub Loop, an easy walk with occasional slight inclines. It was soon clear that fallen trees had the most fungi – one might have many examples of many different species. As you know, the things we call fungi are actually the fruiting bodies of the actual fungus, which is often not so visible.

Steve takes several shots at different focal lengths, afterwards blending them together to form the final shot. If necessary, he’ll use something like a white business card to reflect light onto a fungus.

Steve shooting a fungus on a fallen log

The photo he took above is on the Fungi Fetish Facebook page. This is a citizen science site where anyone can post a photo and get help with ID. Another Facebook site for fungi in our area (northern NSW) is SEQ Fungi.

According to Steve, fungal lifestyles can be categorised into three types:

  1. saprophytic (living on dead or decaying organic matter) – the most likely in rainforests;
  2. mycorrhizal (the symbiotic association between fungi and the root systems of plants) – many plants don’t have this association (see this website for a list); and
  3. parasitic (using the live tissues of various organisms for food) – an example is tinea on human feet. A rare and tragic example is the death last year of a New Zealand woman infected after inhaling a wood-decay fungus.

Steve gives us the basics

Rainforests are generally able to provide fungi with enough nutrients via the saprophytic route, but some rainforest trees do have mycorrhizal associations if they need more nutrients. In contrast, eucalypts and acacias all have mycorrhizal associations, being in relatively poor soils.

Other places that fungi live, and where you might not expect (I certainly didn’t), are in marine and freshwater environments (even in ocean depths) and in the Chernobyl nuclear power plant. The latter are thought to use melanin to convert gamma radiation into chemical energy they can use, in an analogous way to photosynthesis which uses visible light (a form of radiation) to generate usable chemical energy. How cool is that? Or hot, depending how you like your radiation.

Steve does not encourage the eating of fungi as it’s hard to tell if they are toxic. Some Australian fungi look like some in Europe, but DNA testing has shown that they are entirely different species.

Mark Dunphy of Firewheel Nursery (left) and Steve tracking down an ID

It was embarassing to be with one of the world’s foremost fungi photographers and not having even RTFM (google that if you don’t know what it means) of my own small camera – hence, apologies for the slight blurring in some of my photos. I’ve included them anyway as you can see some structure, and even some fungi ID books have one or two blurry photos. The only book presently available specifically for our area is Australian Subtropical Fungi. I’ve used this and any ID mistakes are mine (corrections are welcomed). If there’s no ID, I haven’t been able to recognise a photo in a book yet (IDs welcome).

Parasola (formerly Coprinus) plicatilis; Japanese parasol

Cymatoderma elegans; leathery goblets

Filoboletus manipularis

Microporous xanthropus (turkey tail)

Auricularia cornea – top; this is regarded as a jelly fungus

Auricularia cornea – underside

Jelly fungus

Club fungus

I’m already planning to go back to the Nightcap, camera in hand but having first RTFM. Now, where is that scrub itch ointment?

More in Part 2