Close encounters of the lepidopteran kind

Down Copmanhurst way, about two and a half hours’ drive south of me, it’s a very different environment to the subtropics where I live. The soil on Mazza’s property is virtually sand although it’s a long way from the coast. However, it used to be under the sea millions of years ago, so that explains it.

Dry sclerophyll forest is the order of the day, with eucalypts galore. No wonder the giant wood moth, Enoxyla cinera, loves it there …

Giant wood moth Enoxyla cinereus

Giant wood moth Enoxyla cinereus; all photos by Mazza Verdante

Giant wood moth, Endoxyla cinereus

Giant wood moth Endpoxyla cinereus_3A Giant wood moth Endpoxyla cinereus_4A Giant wood moth Endpoxyla cinereus_5AThis furry monster lays eggs under the bark of gum trees (see the interesting and detailed Queensland Museum Fact Sheet). The grubs are large and very edible, the larvae of another species of Enoxyla (E. leucomochla) being the archetypal ‘witchetty grub’ of Indigenous bush tucker fame. They are apparently deliciously nutty, raw or roasted.

The grubs live for about two years, then hatch into adults, which mate, lay eggs and die. The adults have no feeding apparatus, so don’t eat at all. Their sole purpose is to carry on the species.

Witchetty grub, larva of a species of that lives in the roots of

Witchetty grub, larva of a species of Euploea that lives in the roots of wattles; photo by Sputnikcccp, Wikimedia Commons

Next we have the very common ‘common crow butterfly’, Euploea core. Members of the taxonomic family it belongs to are called ‘crows’ and ‘tigers’. The chrysalis below is full of about-to-be butterfly.

Chrysalis of common crow butterfly

Chrysalis of common crow butterfly

Chrysalis_2AEmergence …

Common crow butterfly Euploea core2A

The wings aren’t fully pumped up yet

Common crow butterfly Euploea core_3A
Common crow butterfly Euploea core_1A

Common crow butterfly Euploea core_5AThe empty chrysalis …

Chrysalis_3ALastly, here’s a hawk moth (Theretra latreillii), one of 65 Australian species. They feed on nectar using a proboscis. According to the Australian Museum, hawk moths are the most significant pollinator of papayas.

Hawkmoth

Hawk moth, Theretra latreilli; photo by Mazza Verdante

(Many thanks to Mazza for all the photos.)

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3 Responses to Close encounters of the lepidopteran kind

  1. janebeau says:

    Wow, that wood moth is a big moth(er)! Our biggest is, I think, our version of the hawk moth, a bit larger than yours and producer of the vilest caterpiillars/grubs who can decimate quite a large bush overnight. xx j

  2. Cath Clark says:

    Fantastic — esp. loved the chrysalisis (chrissali??)

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